วันที่นำเข้าข้อมูล 24 Aug 2020
วันที่ปรับปรุงข้อมูล 30 Nov 2022
|Why do we need a new test?
The widely known DTEC Test was first launched in 1992 under the former Department of Technical and Economic Cooperation (DTEC). Over the years, it has provided a reliable and transparent way to assess the linguistic ability of those who:
|Why did the Devawongse Varopakarn Institute of Foreign Affairs undertake the development of the new test?
As part of the bureaucratic reforms in 2002, the former Department of Technical and Economic Cooperation (DTEC) became part of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) and was renamed the Thailand International Development Cooperation Agency (TICA). At the same time, the mandates of DVIFA and TICA were reviewed to avoid overlap in the services provided.
The mission of TICA has been to administer and implement Thailand's development cooperation programmes in developing countries. The DVIFA has focused on the training and testing of Thai and foreign government officials in diplomacy, foreign affairs, foreign languages and communication skills to facilitate their work in their respective countries. It prepares individuals from various agencies for postings overseas; and through the administration of the DTEC Test provides the information needed by TICA for the selection of overseas scholarship candidates. It is therefore the responsibility of DVIFA to undertake the development of the new DIFA TES.
|Who developed the DIFA TES?
|The development of the DIFA TES was carried out by an MFA based team of test developers with a full-time MFA based coordinator. The team was trained and supervised by an international testing expert through all stages of test development.
|What are the main differences between the DTEC Test and the DIFA TES?
Firstly, the new DIFA TES targets four skills (reading, listening, writing and speaking) to better reflect current linguistic needs of the targeted test population. All test takers must take the reading and listening components of the DIFA TES; eligibility for the writing and speaking components is dependent on performance on the reading and listening tests.
Secondly, authentic texts and soundfiles are used in the reading and listening components of the DIFA TES.
Thirdly, new test methods have been introduced in the reading and listening tests. These include:
Fourthly, the assessment of language in use (knowledge of grammar, vocabulary and syntax) is no longer tested explicitly but as part of the reading and listening tests. This area of language knowledge is also tested in the writing and speaking components.Test takers are advised to look at the sample tasks provided on the website in order to familiarise themselves with the new test methods and to study the writing and speaking scales to understand how their performances will be assessed.
|How much does the DIFA TES cost?
|How long do the test results remain valid?
|Test results remain valid for 2 years. This means that test takers do not have to wait until they are applying for a specific professional development activity but can take the DIFA TES at any of the scheduled test administrations and bank their results for use within the 2 year period. This will allow candidates to plan ahead.
|Can candidates retake all or parts of the exam?
Retakes are possible for both the compulsory (reading and listening) and optional (writing and speaking) modules of the test.
|How do we know the test provides valid and reliable test scores?
All the test materials were trialled on volunteers from a range of different ministries and agencies. Data on every item and task was collected and analysed. Based on these trial results, the tasks were:
|How transparent was the process of test development?
Stakeholders from a wide range of ministries, agencies and organisations were invited to participate in stakeholder meetings throughout the task development stage. During these meetings, participants were provided with information about the:
A total of four stakeholder meetings were organized, one for each of the four skills. Stakeholders had the opportunity to:
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